Рис. spirale f d ́Ekman s espiral f de Ekman g Ekman-Spirale f El Niño; southern oscillation The abnormal warming of ocean water off the west coast of. Vagn Walfrid Ekman Category:Ekman spiral cawiki Espiral d’Ekman; dewiki Korkenzieherströmung; enwiki Ekman spiral; eswiki Espiral de Ekman; etwiki. elbow EHT~; – rectffier u TV válvula rectificadora de MAT/; – supply n rv spiral n OCEAN espiral de Ekman m elaeolite n MINERAL eleolita / nefelma.

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Views Read Edit View history. One of his observations espirzl that the ice was not moving in the same direction as the wind. The effect is a consequence of the Coriolis effect which subjects moving objects to an apparent force to the right of their direction of motion in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.

File mover What files should be renamed? The classic Ekman spiral has been observed under sea ice, [3] but observations remain rare in open-ocean conditions. This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U. As a work espirao the U. Retrieved from ” https: Because the Earth rotates, surface water moves to the right of the wind direction in the Northern Hemisphere and to expiral left of the wind direction in the Southern Hemisphere due to the Coriolis effect.

If the file lacks a description you can check edits the uploader made ekmxn after uploading this file with this tool. This media file is either in the public domain or published under a free licenseand contains no inbound file links. The example shown above is for the Northern Hemisphere.

Summary [ edit ] http: Walfrid Ekman who first described the spiral in Skip to main content. If this file has problems with attributioncopyright esipral, or is otherwise ineligible for Commons, then remove this tag and DO NOT transfer it; repeat violators may be blocked from editing. On the influence of the Earth’s rotation on ocean currents. Surface winds in the Northern Hemisphere tend to blow to the left of winds aloft. If this media is not useful, please propose it for deletion or list it at files for discussion.


Navytaken or made as part of that person’s official duties. Thus, when a persistent esporal blows over an extended area of the ocean surface in the northern hemisphere, it causes a surface current which accelerates in that direction, which then experiences a Coriolis force and acceleration to the right of the wind: Any user may perform this transfer; refer to Wikipedia: Se Ekman spiral and Ekman transport are named for Swedish scientist V. Ocean water at the espiiral moves at an angle to the wind, and the water under the surface water turns a bit more, and the water below that turns even more.

File: – Wikipedia

This file was suggested for transfer by a bot User: The average direction of all this turning water is about a right angle from the wind direction. This surface current drags on the water layer below it, applying a force in its own direction of motion to that layer, repeating the process whereby that layer eventually becomes a steady current even further to the right of the wind, and so on for deeper layers of water, xe in a continuous rotation or spiraling of current direction with changing depth.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The net effect of the rotating water B is movement at right angle to the wind direction. An explorer from Norway named Fridtjof Nansen froze his ship into the Arctic sea ice in If this file is freely licensed, but otherwise unsuitable for Commons e.

Modelling the mixed layer response”.

Views Read Edit View history. The speed and direction of the moving water changes with depth. You are here Home. This file is a candidate to be copied to Wikimedia Commons. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The first documented observations of an oceanic Ekman spiral were made in the Arctic Ocean from a drifting ice floe in If this media file is useful, then it should be transferred to the Wikimedia Commons. The force from above is in red beginning with the wind blowing over the water surfacethe Coriolis force which is shown at right angles to the force from above when it should in fact be at right angles to the actual water flow is in dark yellow, and the net resultant water movement is in pink, which then becomes the force from above for the layer below it, accounting for the gradual clockwise spiral motion as you move down.


Ekmsn free media Wikipedia orphaned files Files with no machine-readable description Files with no machine-readable author Files with no machine-readable source.

Common to several of these observations spirals were found to be ‘compressed’, displaying larger estimates of eddy viscosity when considering the rate of rotation with depth than the eddy viscosity derived from considering the rate of decay of speed. Ekman spirals are also found in the atmosphere.

This is due both to the fact that the turbulent mixing in the surface layer of the ocean has a strong diurnal cycle and to the fact that surface waves ekmn destabilize the Ekman spiral. The diagram above attempts to show the forces associated with the Ekman spiral as applied to the Northern hemisphere.


The deflection of surface currents was first noticed by the Norwegian oceanographer Fridtjof Nansen during the Esppiral expedition — and the effect was first physically explained by Vagn Walfrid Ekman. The Ekman spiral is a structure of currents or winds near a horizontal boundary in which the flow direction rotates as one moves away from the boundary. No pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file.

Journal of Physical Oceanography. The depth to which the Ekman spiral penetrates is determined by how far turbulent mixing can ek,an over the course of a pendulum day.